Biomass energy

FUNCTIONING

Biomass can be defined in several ways depending on the source consulted.

“Biomass” means all biodegradable raw material of vegetable, animal and / or anthropogenic origin, used in obtaining electrical, thermal and / or mechanical energy. It can also be defined as all organic matter that has had as a precedent a biological process, being able to be one of vegetal origin (if the precedent is photosynthesis) and / or animal (if the heterotrophic metabolism is its origin).

Both for electrical use and for thermal use, the basic procedure is the burning of solid biomass.

Frequent questions

What is biomass?

“Biomass” means all biodegradable raw material of vegetable, animal and / or anthropogenic origin.

What it´s made for?

Biomass is used to obtain electrical, thermal and / or mechanical energy.

Is it respectful with the environment?

It´s considered a renewable energy source, so its use reduces CO2 emissions.

What is a biomass system made of?

The basic components are:

  • Boiler
  • Silos(for the storage of biomass)
  • Silo-boiler transport
  • Silo load system

ADVANTAGES

  • Reduction of greenhouse gases produced in the combustion of fossil fuels.
  • Reduction of CH4 emitted into the atmosphere in the landfills of RSU or WWTPs as a consequence of the degradation of organic matter.
  • Elimination of forest masses of a certain amount of biomass that would increase the risk of fires, in all those areas with sufficient level of organic matter in the soils or to prevent the spread of pests and / or diseases of those.
  • Alternative output to livestock waste.

DISADVANTAGES

  • The lack of knowledge of energy crops, by the farmer.
  • Instability and supply insecurity.
  • The need for a minimum energy crop area size for the transformer plant to be profitable.
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